This short article shows four techniques (blur, zooming in, partial image, and Photoshop filters) you can use to create abstract images. These techniques can be applied to various subject matter to create great abstract images.
The deliberate blurring of objects can create very interesting images. This technique requires images with a dreamy or romantic feel. Therefore, it is important to select the subject matter carefully.
Blurring can be done in a number of ways. There are special soft focus lenses that produce soft images. Attaching a soft focus filter to a regular lens produces a similar effect. For those that wish to save some money, panty hose stretched over the front of a lens also works. Of course, the blur can always be added during image editing with Photoshop (or any other editing software).
As a last comment on this technique, deliberately blurred images often print best on matte paper. Matte paper produces a softer, gentler image than glossy or luster papers.
This next technique requires a zoom lens. The zoom technique creates its effect by using a long shutter speed while the focal length of the zoom lens is changed. The general approach is to begin at a wide angle and zoom into a narrow angle.
With this technique, there are a few important points. A tripod should be used. Otherwise, there will be blurring caused by camera movement during the exposure. A strong center of interest is required. Without a strong center of interest, the image just ends up being a blur of lines with nothing to grab the viewer’s attention. There should be a contrast of tone or color between the center of interest and the background. This contrast makes the center of interest stand out. This technique requires some trial and error. It requires many images to be shot in order to produce one outstanding image.
With this technique, only part of the subject is photographed. Rather, the image focuses on just a part of an object. Form, color, and lines are used heavily in this technique. The use of lines tends to be particularly important.
Image editing can also be used to create abstract images. One easy way to do this is to use Photoshop filters. Photoshop has many filters that can be found in the Filter menu. The key here is to experiment with the various filters.
One thing to keep in mind is that abstract images created during editing often look best when printed on matte paper.
Each of these techniques can create great abstract images. Now, all you have to do is grab your camera and try them out. While these four techniques are a good start, there is a lot more to learn about Abstract Photography.